Brief History of the 22RE Engine

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toyota 22reToyota has a long standing reputation for the durability of their engines. The Toyota 22RE was one of the final engines from the long history of Toyota R family engines. This 4 cylinder 2.4 liter engine made by Toyota is yet another great engine that is made to last.

The Toyota 22RE was first introduced to the public in 1982 and was a cast iron engine. 1985 brought about some big changes for the 22RE; the block was taller and the head was shorter than the previous model. The 22RE is the fuel-injected version of the 22R and originally produced 105 horsepower at 4,800 rpm.

The Celica was the first Toyota vehicle to use the 22RE (learn more here:, but were discontinued in 1985. It was also used in the Toyota pick-up trucks and the 4Runner until 1995. In addition to the Celica, pickups and 4Runner, the 22RE engine was also put into the Toyota Hilux, and Toyota Corona and even used in the Volkswagen Taro (until 1997). Over the next decade modifications were made and could reach a maximum torque of 137 at 2,800. By 1995 the horsepower increased slightly to 112 at 4,600 rpm with the maximum torque being rated to 142 at 3,400 rpm.

Overview of the 22RE

The 22RE is an OverHead Cam (OHC) design that has a hemispherical combustion chambers. It is was manufactured as a 4 cylinder engine with one intake and one exhaust per cylinder valve, a total of eight valves. The valve train on the 22RE uses a push rod setup with the camshaft in the block. It also offered soft piston rings that allow the cylinder bores to avoid ridges throughout the duration of the engine’s life and increased its longevity. While it is not quite as effective as a Twin Cam, which offers a two or four valves per, it is extremely efficient.

This engine offers quite a bit of torque at a reasonable RPM because of the long stroke. In later versions of the 22RE, the shorter head model, had keyhole shaped exhaust ports. With that being said, the 22RE is a great dependable and durable engine, but does not offer much get up and go.

Even though the 22RE was discontinued after 1997 it has been reported that these engines are still going strong with usually having the ability to go 300K-400K miles. There have even been a few reports of the Toyota 22RE reaching 1 million miles. The most important thing to remember with the 22RE is to make sure timing chain in changed every 150,000 miles due to the fact that it will get loose and eventually wear through the back of the water pump housing. What the Toyota 22RE engine lacks in power it makes up for it in reliability and longevity.

What You Can Learn From Psychic Readings

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Psychic readings in one form or another have been around since the dawn of human history. There have always been people who were considered gifted with the ability to foretell the future or gain insights into the human psyche. Whether they use astrology, tarot cards, crystal balls or some other form of divination, psychic readers continue to be popular in the modern world. The only difference is that, today, you are just as likely to get a psychic reading on the internet or on the phone as in person.psychic readings

Why People Get Psychic Readings

There are many reasons why you might consult with a psychic. You may have a question about your love life. If you are thinking about marrying someone, you may want a psychic’s opinion about whether this person is truly right for you. For example, an astrologer can compare the natal charts of two people and look for ways they are compatible or incompatible. Or you may have a question about business or finances. Should you start a business, begin a new career or go back to school? The best psychics may be able to provide you with insights in these and other areas related to money. These are just some of the common reasons that people consult with psychics.

Choosing the Right Psychic

There are thousands of people advertising their services, so how do you choose the right psychic? With the ability to access readings online, your choices today are greater than ever before. There are a few ways to narrow down the field.

You may be able to read testimonials from people who have consulted with a particular psychic reader. These are best if they can be verified, of course. Even better is a personal recommendation from someone you trust. Some psychics offer free sample readings. This is a good way to ascertain whether someone has any genuine insights into your personality or future. If they allow you to ask a free question, you can then decide if you want to continue with a full reading.

Atlantic City Psychic Readings

You also should choose a method of divination that you prefer. Some people prefer astrology because it’s based on objective information, such as the time and place of your birth. Card readings can also be insightful if the reader is good. There are also many other types of readings, such as palm readings, I Ching and channeled readings. You can also find psychics who don’t use any props and who just tune into the energy of the person they are reading for.

When Should You Consult With a Psychic?

Only you can decide if it’s time to consider a psychic reading. If you have a question about your life that you are having trouble answering, a psychic can provide valuable guidance. A good psychic doesn’t tell you what to do, but gives you a clearer view of your options and the conditions that you are currently facing. If you do decide to get a psychic reading, you should shop around and seek a trustworthy reader with whom you feel comfortable.

How Long Will The PPI Scandal Continue?

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Long has it been speculated as to how long the ppi claims scandal will continue for, because most people thought that it would be more of a short term issue, with people speculating that within a 18 months it would all be over, however, the scandal is going strong with more people than ever putting in claims for ppi, so how long is this likely to continue for?

Lets look at some of the facts…

  1. First of all, since 2001 there have been over 34,000,000 ppi policies sold
  2. It is speculated that only 1 in 3 people have reclaimed their ppi

Looking at these two facts alone, it becomes quite apparent that there are a lot more ppi policies to be reclaimed upon, and that this scandal will continue well into the coming years, assuming the banks do not get their deadline, which, if this article is anything to go by, the banks don’t have a chance PPI claims.

There are still a plethora of ppi claims that are yet to be reclaimed, and there has been more than £10bn paid out to the British public already, and it is thought that by the time all of the ppi policies have been repaid the total bill will be around £25bn.

So this scandal is likely to go on for some time yet, with so many people still yet to claim their compensation, not to mention the people who have not even thought about putting in a claim yet.

Further down the line, it is expected that perhaps the claims will taper off, due to some people forgetting about their miss sold policies or not taking the time to put their case into action or submit it to a claims management company (CMC), however this is likely to be about the question of awareness and exposure, as people can only act upon information on which they can make their decision, so if the advertisements continue, and people continue to talk about it to their friends, relatives and colleagues it is likely that the demand will remain constant.

If the figures above are correct, that would suggest that we are around the halfway point of the claims’ scandal, meaning that if it has gone on for 3 years so far, it is likely to go on for at least another 3 years assuming the cases are completed at the same rate as they are now, which is accurate.